These are the first results from the FIS ISS, the first long-term injury surveillence system for competitive World Cup skiers and snowboarders.
The present investigation was conducted by FIS in cooperation with the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center (OSTRC).
The objective was to compare different methods to record injuries among World Cup athletes in alpine, freestyle, and cross-country skiing, in ski jumping, Nordic combined, and in snowboarding.
Information regarding injuries sustained during the 2006-2007 winter season was recorded through three separate and independent systems:
(1) prospective injury reports by technical delegates (TD) from the International Ski Federation, (2) prospective medical team registration by selected teams, and (3) retrospective athlete interviews at the end of the season.
The final results revealed that 91% of the in total 100 injuries, sustained by 602 World Class athletes were registered through the athlete interview, 47% by the medical team registration and 27% by the TD reports.
The authors concluded that retrospective interviews with athletes/coaches regarding injuries during the last six months gave the most complete picture of injuries.
Tonje Flørenes, Lars Nordsletten, Stig Heir, Tone Bere and Roald Bahr were involved in this project and continue evaluating with FIS how to improve injury surveillance and safety among top level skiers and snowboarders in the near future (read an interview with FIS).
Read the paper published in SJMSS.