A new study in young female soccer players shows that players with a history of previous injury and reduced function were significant risk factors for new injuries to the same region.
In this study, female soccer players (n= 1430, age 14 to 16 yr) were asked to complete a detailed questionnaire covering sports participation; history of previous injuries to the ankle, knee, hamstring, or groin; as well as present function of these 4 specific regions. The players were followed up to record injuries during the subsequent 8 months.
It was found that a history of a previous injury to the ankle (rate ratio, 1.2 [1.1-1.3]; P < .001), knee (rate ratio, 1.4 [1.2-1.6]; P < .001), or groin (rate ratio, 1.6 [1.2-2.1]; P = .004) increased the risk of new injuries to the same region. Reporting a reduced function (defined as <80% of the maximum score) for the ankle (rate ratio, 1.7 [1.1-2.7]; P = .021) or knee (rate ratio, 3.2 [1.8-5.7]; P < .001) was also a significant risk factor. However, the sensitivity of previous injuries and lower limb function in predicting new injuries was low.
The authors of this study were Kathrin Steffen, Grethe Myklebust, Thor Einar Andersen, Ingar Holme and Roald Bahr.
Read the article from the American Journal of Sports Medicine here.