Limited knowledge exists regarding injury risk and pattern for World Cup skiing and snowboarding athletes. The knowledge we have today is mainly based on a handful of studies. These are generally small, often limited to one competition, or not representative for the current level of performance at the World Cup level.
The aim of this study is therefore to describe the injury risk and pattern to World Cup alpine skiers, freestyle skiers, snowboarders, ski jumpers, Nordic combined athletes and cross-country skiers.
Retrospective interviews with FIS World Cup athletes from selected nations were conducted during the 2006-07 and 2007-08 winter seasons in the different disciplines of alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, Nordic combined and cross-country skiing. The interviews were done at one of the season-ending events based on a week-by-week schedule of the World Cup program.
All acute injuries were recorded with information on body part, injury type, severity, as well as the specific diagnosis. For athletes not present at the interviews, their coach, team physician or physiotherapist were interviewed instead.
This project is part of the FIS Injury Surveillance System FIS ISS.
This study is the first cohort study to describe and compare the injury risk to World Cup athletes in alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, Nordic combined and cross-country skiing.