Snowboarding has become one of the premier alpine sports with a dramatic increase in popularity over the past decade. It is estimated that there are up to 7 million snowboarders worldwide. Studies have suggested that the risk of injury in snowboarding is especially high among competitive snowboarders at elite level.
The FIS Injury Surveillance System, established at Oslo Sport Trauma Research Center (2006), has reported that the injury incidence among World Cup snowboarders is alarmingly high. One in three riders sustains an injury per season. Over 30% of the injuries are serious injuries leading to long term absence from training and competition, and unfortunately in some cases career ending. The injury pattern is dominated by knee and head injuries, and the most frequent types of injuries are joint and ligament injuries.
To reduce the risk of injury among World Cup snowboarders, we have to know why and how injuries occur. Little is known about the injury risk and the specific injury mechanisms associated with World Cup Snowboarding. To date, limited scientific documentation is available.
The aim of this study is therefore to describe in detail injury situations and mechanisms of injury in World Cup snowboarding.
Video analysis and injury registration will be combined to record accurate and complete injury information. Videotapes of injuries reported through the FIS Injury Surveillance System will be obtained retrospectively from the four last seasons (2006-2010). The videotapes will be visually analysed by two to three independent experts. An analysis form will be developed to study injury situations and injury mechanisms, including circumstances of injury, the riders behaviour, as well as body motion.
This study will give important knowledge about injury risk factors and mechanisms; aspects which are essential in the injury prevention process.